“The Arduino lie detector determined that was a lie”

Want to know if someone is telling you the truth? Well, unfortunately Juan Gg’s “USB Polygraph” isn’t a professional product and won’t actually give you an answer. However, it is a neat exploration into biometrics that incorporates Arduino, some sensors, and data visualization.

The DIY lie detector does measure one’s galvanic skin response, pulse, and breathing, so it’s an interesting way to observe “suspects” when questioned. Perhaps one could even use it to monitor a person’s vitals when performing various physical activities.

The device collects sensor readings via an Arduino Uno. These are then passed along to a nearby computer over serial, which graphs everything using a custom Python program. 

If you’d like to make your own, code and mechanical files are available on GitHub!

This is a USB Polygraph, which I designed and built as a classroom project on June 2018. The hardware side is pretty simple, an Arduino UNO collects data from some sensors and sends it via serial. On the computer, a Python program takes that data and not only graphs it, but it also allows the user to save it, manages questions and adds question and answer markers to the graphs so results can later be inspected. All results are saved in .txt files.

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Arduino 1.8.11 released @arduino #arduino


Arduino 1.8.11 released

ARDUINO 1.8.11 2020.01.27

* FIX: Serial plotter do not hang if empty lines are received
* A lot of accessibility improvements in Libs and Board managers GUI for screen readers (thanks @joew46167)
* Sligtly improved support for themes in Libs and Board managers (thanks @matthijskooijman)
* Serial plotter: added serial input text field (thanks @cactorium)
* MacOSX: support for notarization (thanks @PaulStoffregen for the support)
* Fix wrong bracket match rectangle on auto format (thanks @magedrifaat)
* Pluggable discoveries: runtime.platform.path and runtime.hardware.path are now available as variables (thanks @PaulStoffregen)

* FIX: missed library-detection cache (forcing lib detection on each build)
* FIX: Windows: the build folder may reside on a different partition
* FIX: Segfault in arduino-builder with -dump-prefs if no sketch is specified
* FIX: Allow loading of global user-define platform.txt
* FIX: Fixed nil pointer exception on some rare case with multiple libs
* FIX: Print “multiple libraries found for header.h” message only when it really happens
* FIX: Fixed library priorities on some rare circumstances

* updated AVR core to 1.8.2

* updated to 0.10.10


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Don’t Write Copyright Law in Secret

We're taking part in Copyright Week, a series of actions and discussions supporting key principles that should guide copyright policy. Every day this week, various groups are taking on different elements of copyright law and policy, addressing what's at stake and what we need to do to make sure that copyright promotes creativity and innovation.

The United States is the world’s chief exporter of copyright law. With recent news that President Trump is expected to sign the US Mexico-Canada (USMCA) trade agreement next week, we’re one step closer to Canada being forced to align with the US copyright duration to life of the author plus 70 years, keeping important works from being able to enter the public domain for another 20 years.

The USMCA requires participating countries to have a copyright term of at least 70 years. In practice, this measure will affect only Canada: in the United States, copyright lasts 70 years already, and in Mexico it’s even longer (100 years). Only Canada has stuck with the 50-year minimum required by the Berne Convention.

It’s a common story: again and again, trade agreements bring longer copyright terms to participating countries under the banner of standardization, often with the United States. But that “standardization” only takes place in one direction, toward more restrictive copyright laws. The failed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) would have lengthened copyright terms for several participating countries. It also would have brought US copyright’s protection for digital locks to participating countries.

The USMCA is just the latest example: when copyright terms are negotiated in private, multinational agreements, it tends to favor the interests of large media companies. Countries should decide their own copyright laws by inclusive, democratic processes, not through secret negotiations.

Those copyright law expansions bring real threats to human rights in the countries where the United States exports them. In 2011, Colombian graduate student Diego Gomez shared another student’s Master’s thesis with colleagues over the Internet, sparking a six-year legal battle that could have put him in prison for years.

While Diego’s story has become a rallying cry for advocacy for open access to research, it’s important for another reason too. It shows the dangerous consequences of copyright-expanding trade agreements. The law Diego was tried under had a sentencing requirement that lawmakers passed in order to comply with a trade agreement with the U.S.

Trade agreements that expand copyright almost never carry requirements that participating nations honor limitations on copyright like fair use or fair dealing, leaving many countries with strong protection for large rights-holders and weak protection for their citizens’ rights.

Copyright should not be a global monolith. Differences between countries’ copyright laws are a feature, not a bug. In implementing copyright law, lawmakers should carefully balance the rights of copyright holders with the rights of the public to use and build upon copyrighted works. Lawmakers can’t make that balance when their trade negotiators have already given the public’s rights away.


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Citizen science traffic monitoring with Raspberry Pi

Homes in Madrid, Dublin, Cardiff, Ljubljana, and Leuven are participating in the Citizens Observing UrbaN Transport (WeCount) project, a European Commission–funded research project investigating sustainable economic growth.

1,500 Raspberry Pi traffic sensors will be distributed to homes in the five cities to gather data on traffic conditions. Every hour, the devices will upload information to publically accessible cloud storage. The team behind WeCount says:

Following this approach, we will be able to quantify local road transport (cars, heavy goods vehicles, active travel modes, and speed), produce scientific knowledge in the field of mobility and environmental pollution, and co-design informed solutions to tackle a variety of road transport challenges.

“With air pollution being blamed for 500,000 premature deaths across the continent in 2018,” states a BBC News article about the project, “the experts running the survey hope their results can be used to make cities healthier places to live.” Says the WeCount team:

[T]he project will provide cost-effective data for local authorities, at a far greater temporal and spatial scale than what would be possible in classic traffic counting campaigns, thereby opening up new opportunities for transportation policy making and research.

Find more information about the WeCount project on the BBC News website and on the the CORDIS website.

Raspberry Pi makes the ideal brain

The small form factor and low cost of Raspberry Pi mean it’s the ideal brain for citizen science projects across the globe, including our own Raspberry Pi Oracle Weather Station.

Build Your Own weather station kit assembled

While the original Oracle Weather Station programme involved only school groups from across the world, we’ve published freely accessible online guides to building your own Raspberry Pi weather station, and to uploading weather data to the Initial State platform.

Penguin Watch

Another wonderful Raspberry Pi–powered citizen science project is Penguin Watch, which asks the public to, you guessed it, watch penguins. Time-lapse footage — obtained in the Antarctic by Raspberry Pi Camera Modules connected to Raspberry Pi Zeros — is uploaded to the Penguin Watch website, and anyone in the world can go online to highlight penguins in the footage, helping the research team to monitor the penguin population in these locations.

Setting up. Credit: Alasdair Davies, ZSL

Penguin Watch is highly addictive and it’s for a great cause, so be sure to check it out.

The post Citizen science traffic monitoring with Raspberry Pi appeared first on Raspberry Pi.

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Our Thanksgiving Weekend Sale

It’s our Thanksgiving Weekend Sale! use checkout coupon code TURKEY to save 10% storewide at Evil Mad Scientist.

Save on popular items like the brand new AxiDraw MiniKit, surface-mount 555SE and 741SE soldering kits, and everything else too.

Our biggest sale of the year, it’s a great time to get that AxiDraw SE/A3, EggBot, or through hole 555 kit too.

Sale runs through Monday, December 2.

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App note: Protecting USB Type-C Cable connectors featuring higher power & tighter pin spacing

Bourns’ built-in thermal cut-off devices adds extra protection from faults directly on USB Type-C cables. Link here (PDF)

The now ubiquitous Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard was initially developed in 1994 with the intent of providing a communication standard to improve and simplify communication between the PC and peripheral devices. An updated version of the USB interface standard is the USB 3.1 Superspeed+, which doubles the data rate to 10 Gbps – a 2x improvement of the previous generation USB 3.0 Superspeed. USB 3.1 Superspeed+ is backwards compatible with USB 1.1, 2.0 and 3.0 with a power delivery projected at 100 W. This gives users enhanced data encoding for more efficient data transfer offering higher throughput and improved I/O power efficiency.

In addition to the increased power capability and bandwidth achieved in this updated USB standard, the connector has been changed. The original simple 4 pin D+/ D- Power and GND format has been upgraded and now combines multiple connector functions into one. The new USB Type-C connector features 24 pins in a smaller form factor.

A downside to this combination of increased power and the extremely tight pin spacing is heightened concern about potential safety and fire hazards due to the possibility of thermal runaway at the connector. To deal with these potential threats, it is recommended that electronic equipment manufacturers and connector and cable manufacturers integrate overcurrent and overtemperature protection into the Type-C connector.

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Friday Product Post: Drop Those pHAT Beats

Hello and welcome, everyone! We have a few new products to show off this week, starting with our second version of the Qwiic pHAT for Raspberry Pi, which has been updated to be much more accommodating for robotics and high-power projects! Following that is a new version of the NVIDIA Jetson Nano, now with two MIPI-CSI camera connectors! Rounding out the week is an improved version of the SparkFun moto:bit Carrier Board for micro:bit, and a new Op-Amp IC.

New and improved Qwiic pHAT for your Raspberry Pi!

SparkFun Qwiic pHAT V2.0 for Raspberry Pi

added to your cart!

SparkFun Qwiic pHAT V2.0 for Raspberry Pi

In stock DEV-15945

The SparkFun Qwiic pHAT V2 for Raspberry Pi is the quickest and easiest way to make your way into the Qwiic ecosystem and sti…


The SparkFun Qwiic pHAT V2.0 for Raspberry Pi is the quickest and easiest way to enter into SparkFun’s Qwiic ecosystem while still using that Raspberry Pi you’ve come to know and love. The Qwiic pHAT connects the I2C bus (GND, 3.3V, SDA, and SCL) on your Raspberry Pi to an array of Qwiic connectors on the HAT. Since the Qwiic system allows for daisy-chaining boards with different addresses, you can stack as many sensors as you’d like, to create a tower of sensing power!

NVIDIA Jetson Nano Developer Kit (V3)

added to your cart!

NVIDIA Jetson Nano Developer Kit (V3)

Pre-Order DEV-16271

The NVIDIA® Jetson Nano™ Developer Kit delivers the performance to run modern AI workloads at a small form factor, low pow…


The latest addition the Jetson family, the NVIDIA® Jetson Nano™ Developer Kit (V3) delivers the performance to run modern AI workloads in a small form factor, all while being both power-efficient (consuming as little as 5 Watts) and low cost. Developers, learners and makers can run AI frameworks and models for applications like image classification, object detection, segmentation and speech processing. The developer kit can be powered by micro-USB and comes with extensive I/Os, ranging from GPIO to CSI. This makes it simple for developers to connect a diverse set of new sensors to enable a variety of AI applications. This version of the Jetson Nano Developer Kit comes equipped with two MIPI-CSI camera connectors, which enables algorithms that perform stereo vision.

SparkFun moto:bit - micro:bit Carrier Board (Qwiic)

added to your cart!

SparkFun moto:bit - micro:bit Carrier Board (Qwiic)

In stock DEV-15713

The SparkFun moto:bit is a fully loaded carrier board for the micro:bit that provides you with a fully functional robotics pl…


The SparkFun moto:bit is a fully loaded "carrier" board for the micro:bit that, when combined with the micro:bit, provides you with a fully functional robotics platform. The moto:bit offers a simple, beginner-friendly robotics controller capable of operating a basic robotics chassis. Onboard each moto:bit are multiple I/O pins, as well as a vertical Qwiic connector capable of hooking up servos, sensors and other circuits. At the flip of the switch you can get your micro:bit moving!

Op-Amp - AS358P (Through-Hole)

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Op-Amp - AS358P (Through-Hole)

In stock COM-15946

The AS358P is a great, easy-to-use dual-channel Op-amp. Op-amps have so many [applications](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oper…


The AS358P is a great, easy-to-use, dual-channel Op-amp. Op-amps have so many applications we figured we should probably carry at least one in a DIP package. AS358P applications include transducer amplifiers, DC gain blocks and all the conventional op-amp circuits.

That's it for this week! As always, we can't wait to see what you make! Shoot us a tweet @sparkfun, or let us know on Instagram or Facebook. We’d love to see what projects you’ve made!

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ICANN Needs To Ask More Questions About the Sale of .ORG

Over 21,000 people, 660 organizations, and now six Members of Congress have asked ICANN, the organization that regulates the Internet’s domain name system, to halt the $1.135 billion deal that would hand control over PIR, the .ORG domain registry, to private equity. There are crucial reasons this sale is facing significant backlash from the nonprofit and NGO communities who make the .ORG domain their online home, and perhaps none of them are more concerning than the speed of the deal and the dangerous lack of transparency that’s accompanied it. 

Less than three months have passed from the announcement of the sale—which took the nonprofit community by surprise—to the final weeks in which ICANN is expected to make its decision, giving those affected almost no chance to have a voice, much less stop it. The process so far, including information that the buyer, Ethos Capital, provided to ICANN in late December, raises more questions than it answers. U.S. lawmakers are correct that “the Ethos Capital takeover of the .ORG domain fails the public interest test in numerous ways.”

Before any change in who operates the .ORG registry can take place, ICANN, which oversees the domain name system, needs to answer important questions about the deal from those who use .ORG domain names as the foundation of their online identity. Working with the nonprofit community, we’re asking ICANN to ask more questions to confirm how the deal will protect .ORG users—questions that are still unanswered. And next week, on January 24th, nonprofits and supporters will protest at ICANN’s headquarters in Los Angeles. You can join us to tell ICANN that it must be more than a rubber stamp.


Tell ICANN: Nonprofits Are Not For Sale

A Dangerous Deal

The Internet Society (ISOC)—which has controlled .ORG for the past 16 years—and Ethos Capital are treating the .ORG registry as an asset that can be bought and sold at will. But ISOC didn’t pay to acquire the .ORG registry—indeed, PIR, the organization that was founded by ISOC to run .ORG was given $5 million to help it do so. Now, ISOC plans to profit off of the value of the registry by converting PIR into a for-profit LLC in the hands of Ethos Capital.

ICANN delegated the task of running .ORG to ISOC in 2002 because ISOC was best positioned to run the domain for the benefit of nonprofit users. The excess funds from .ORG registration fees that have supported the work of ISOC for the past 16 years were a side benefit, not a sacred entitlement. Rather than an asset, like a building, the registry should be thought of as a public function—like the assigning of street addresses. It should be (and has been) administered in the public interest. But in the hands of private equity, the registry will become something altogether different from what it’s been in the past: a tool for making profits from nonprofits.

After the sale, Ethos Capital, having paid $1.135 billion for .ORG to ISOC, will have to recoup that investment on a scale that’s expected of a private equity firm. This week, Ethos revealed for the first time that some $360 million of the purchase price will be financed with a loan. The payments on that loan will have to come out of Ethos’s profits, so they will probably need to raise more money per year than ISOC currently does. While Ethos could try to simply increase the number of its “customers” for .ORGs, PIR has tried this in the past, and the demand for the domains has remained largely flat. This is no surprise; the nonprofit sector just doesn’t grow at exponential rates.

That brings us to the myriad reasons nonprofits have criticized the deal: every other way that Ethos might increase profits is bad news for .ORG users. And these tactics aren’t farfetched: every one of them is already delivering profits in other sectors, often while harming domain registrants and their visitors.

Squeezing Profits from Nonprofits Harms Civil Society

  1. The most obvious way to profit from the registry is for Ethos to raise the annual registration fees on .ORG names. Under pressure, Ethos has promised to keep fee increases to 10% per year “on average.” But they haven’t made that promise legally binding. There won’t be any way for .ORG users to challenge future fee increases without changing domain names, an expensive and risky process well-known to any organization or which has had to shift away from a trusted domain. And even more worrisome, Ethos could begin charging different rates for different domains. Other registries already charge considerably higher fees for names they designate as “premium.” Ethos could base fees entirely on an organization’s ability to pay, essentially holding nonprofits’ domain names for ransom.
  2. Ethos could also engage in censorship-for-profit. As we’ve described before, other domain registries have made deals with powerful corporate interests, like movie studios and pharmaceutical interests, to suspend the domains of websites, even if that means suppressing truthful information. But .ORGs don’t just have corporate interests hoping to control their voices: the world over, including within authoritarian regimes, .ORGs are the home of important critical speech on the Internet. Ethos would have a clear incentive to take down domains at the request of repressive governments, just as governments often demand takedowns of speech on social networks, in exchange for tax or other financial benefits.
  3. Ethos could sell the browsing data of users who visit .ORGs. The operator of a domain registry can, if it chooses, track every look-up of an address within that domain. Ethos could track visits to nonprofit organizations around the world, perhaps to target advertising on behalf of Vidmob, the advertising company they also own, invading the privacy of everyone who visits .ORG websites.
  4. Ethos could cut back on the important technical upkeep of the domains. Domain name lookups must be available worldwide, and quickly. Technical failures can mean being unable to connect to a website, or to send and receive email. This doesn’t just mean 404s: because the .ORG registry is home to relief agencies, news media, and other groups that provide life-saving services, technical failures could result in actual harm. Aid might not reach people in need during a crisis; news and information could be stopped dead during an emergency. The .ORG registry has had no downtime in over a decade. If that changes, it’s not just websites that would be in danger.

Not Enough Safeguards

In response to public pressure, Ethos has made a loose commitment about future pricing. It has also proposed adding text about acting in the public benefit into the “Certificate of Formation” for the new holding company they’re creating. And it’s promised to create a “Stewardship Council” to “help guide” the company’s management.

But there’s no force behind these words. Under corporate law, only the company itself has the power to decide whether it’s acting for the public benefit. Putting vague commitments into a “Certificate of Formation” doesn’t give the users of .ORG domains any mechanism of enforcement. And a “Stewardship Council” will not be able to override the decisions of the company’s owners and management. There’s no guarantee that the council will even be informed about what the company is doing. In fact, PIR already has an advisory council—and it wasn’t even told that the sale to Ethos was going to happen.

Luckily, there are other options on the table. If the .ORG registry needs to change hands, ICANN must take the time to consider all the alternatives, such as the Cooperative Corporation of dot-org Registrants, and determine which organization will best uphold the commitments that were made when .ORG was last re-assigned, in 2002. Instead of a rushed and secretive vote, ICANN should engage in a careful decision-making process that gives all .ORG registrants a voice in decisions around the registry in the future.

The Benefits Are Vague, At Best

In defending the deal, ISOC’s leadership has talked about the good they can do with a $1.1 billion endowment. Those good works, though, don’t excuse breaking trust with thousands of nonprofits. Several proponents of the deal, echoing Ethos’s talking points, claim that turning .ORG into a for-profit registry will lead to “new products and services” for the .ORG community. No one explains what those would be, though, or what they have to do with maintaining a reliable database of domain names. And there is no benefit at all if these vague opportunities in the future come at the cost of functional, censorship-free websites for millions of nonprofits, associations, and clubs around the world. 

ICANN Needs To Ask More Questions

As the group that controls the top level of the domain name system, ICANN has the power to stop .ORG from changing hands, and to name a new organization to steward that important resource. Before the deal goes any further, ICANN needs to ask more questions of ISOC and Ethos. We’ve compiled a handy list.

Anyone who’s concerned about selling a public trust for private profit can sign the petition to #SaveDotOrg, which we’ll be presenting along with other nonprofits to ICANN in person next week. And if you’ll be in the Los Angeles area on Friday, January 24th, come join us at the protest at ICANN’s headquarters, organized by EFF, NTEN, and Fight for the Future. Help us tell ICANN: .ORG is not for sale.


Tell ICANN: Nonprofits Are Not For Sale

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Iranian Tech Users Are Getting Knocked Off the Web by Ambiguous Sanctions

Between targeted killings, retaliatory air strikes, and the shooting of a civilian passenger plane, the last few weeks have been marked by tragedy as tensions rise between the U.S. and Iranian governments. In the wake of these events, Iranians within the country and in the broader diaspora have suffered further from actions by both administrations—including violence and lethal force against protesters and internet shutdowns in Iran, as well as detention, surveillance and device seizure at the U.S. border and exacerbating economic conditions from U.S. sanctions. And to make matters worse, American tech companies are acting on sanctions through an overbroad lens, making it much harder for Iranian people to be able to share their stories with each other and with the broader world.

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions that target foreign countries, groups, and individuals. Some of these sanctions impact the export to Iran (or use by residents of the country) of certain types of technology, although trying to parse precisely which types are affected appears to have left some companies puzzled.

For example, this week Instagram removed a number of accounts from its service that were affiliated with the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)—which is specially designated by OFAC—as well as some accounts praising the IRGC and some condemning the group. The platform initially justified its actions stating:

We review content against our policies and our obligations to US sanctions laws, and specifically those related to the US government’s designation of the IRGC and its leadership as a terrorist organization.

While Instagram is indeed obligated to remove accounts affiliated with the IRGC, the law does not extend to unaffiliated accounts providing commentary on the IRGC—although some experts say that posts supporting a specially designated group could be seen as providing support to the group, thus violating sanctions.

In any case, Instagram may choose to remove accounts praising the IRGC under its own community standards. In the end, Instagram ended up restoring at least one account following media criticism.

A long hard road

EFF has long observed tech companies’ struggle with OFAC sanctions. In 2012, an Apple employee refused to sell a laptop to a customer who was overheard speaking Persian, prompting the State Department to issue a clarifying statement:

[T]here is no U.S. policy or law that prohibits Apple or any other company from selling products in the United States to anybody who’s intending to use the product in the United States, including somebody of Iranian descent or an Iranian citizen or any of that stuff.

In 2013, we spoke up when Airbnb booted an Iranian resident of Switzerland from their platform without recourse, resulting in a reversal of the decision.

And now, as tensions between the U.S. and Iran heat up, we’re seeing tech companies booting Iranians from their platforms left and right. For example:

...But are these companies correct in stripping Iranians of their accounts? The answer: It’s complicated.

Iran is subject to certain OFAC sanctions, and in addition to that, the IRGC and certain Iranian nationals are on OFAC’s list of “specially designated nationals.” OFAC sanctions can be interpreted broadly by tech companies, which is why in 2010, the Treasury Department issued a general license intended as a blanket license for the export of “certain services and software incident to the exchange of personal communications over the Internet, such as instant messaging, chat and email, social networking, sharing of photos and movies, web browsing, and blogging, provided that such services are publicly available at no cost to the user.”

In 2014, that license was amended to include even more products, including certain fee-based services “incident to the exchange of personal communications over the Internet” including social networking. The new license, General License D-1, provided greater clarity to companies on what is and is not subject to sanctions. As the National Iranian American Council pointed out in a 2017 letter, General License D-1 has been widely praised for “securing human rights, protecting access to online information, and avoiding government censors.”

As the events of this week demonstrate, companies are still struggling to understand the rules. And understandably so—as Richard Nephew, a sanctions expert and senior research scholar at Columbia University told CNN:

[T]his is a tough gray area as we also have free speech protections too.  This is why I think companies often make mistakes in this area, both by preventing such posts or activities and by allowing them …

But while the rules might be difficult, companies are making things worse by failing to properly communicate to users about why their accounts have been suspended—and by giving misleading or incorrect statements to the media.

Why does this matter?

Sanctions that prevent the free flow of communications on the internet and hamper ordinary the ability of ordinary Iranians to express themselves often harm the very people they’re intended to help. Over the years, we’ve seen how sanctions on tech—as well as misapplication or overbroad application of such sanctions—hurt individuals from all walks of life by denying them access to information and cutting them off from communication with the rest of the world.

After the 2014 issuance of General License D-1 for Iranians, Sudanese citizens embarked on a campaign for a similar license, arguing that sanctions prevented them from accessing e-books, online courses, and other information. In a country where the government bans books and at times seizes newspapers, the knowledge that can be gained online can make all the difference. For Iranians, greater access can also mean safer access—to VPNs, secure messaging apps, and other vital tools.

But it isn’t just access to information—it’s also the information coming out of Iran that’s affected. When a Ukrainian airliner was struck down in Iranian airspace, it was video taken from inside the country—as well as efforts by individuals in Iran—that led to verification that Iran’s government had struck the plane with a missile. As we’ve pointed out before, policies intended to prevent violent extremists from using online services often have the effect of silencing human rights content. And given how little access international media has to Iran, hearing from Iranians about what’s happening on the ground is vital.

Furthermore, Iran has seen fit in the past to shut down the Internet, preventing its residents from accessing the outside world. If the U.S. government truly believes in the internet freedom policy that it continues to pour millions of dollars into, it should see how its own policies are working against freedom and pushing Iranians toward local services that are likely heavily surveilled or censored. As it stands, the U.S. is just helping Iran do the job of silencing its citizens.

A clearer way forward

As moral panic and confusion set in, more and more companies are seeking to enforce sanctions law—and as they do, it’s vital that they have the best possible information at hand so ordinary citizens aren’t unduly impacted. As such, we are reiterating our ask for the Department of Treasury to update General License D-1 and provide guidance to U.S. tech companies to ensure the minimal amount of damage to users.

But although sanctions are hard, we also call on tech companies to exercise both caution and compassion as they navigate these murky waters. Companies should ensure that they’re using the best possible means to identify potentially impacted users; notify them clearly (by providing information about specific statutes and links to relevant information from the Department of Treasury); and most importantly, provide an appeals system so that users who are wrongly identified have a path of recourse to regain access to their accounts.

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December 2019 Certified Open Source Hardware

The Open Source Hardware Association (OSHWA) runs a free program that allows creators to certify that their hardware complies with the community definition of open source hardware.  Whenever you see the certification logo, you know that the certified hardware meets this standard. The certification site includes a full list of […]

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The post December 2019 Certified Open Source Hardware appeared first on Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers.

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